Saturday, May 23, 2020

Mad Dogs Englishmen And The Errant Anthropologist Summary

In Mad Dogs, Englishmen, and the Errant Anthropologist, Raybeck’s approach to ethnography has been very similar to what is described in chapter 5 of Essentials of Cultural Anthropology. The postmodernism theory is that it emphasizes the non-material knowledge. Materialism emphasizes on the material system of behavior. Most Anthropologist are somewhere in the middle of these two or lean one way a little bit more because these are such extreme theory’s. Raybeck seems to view his research from the postmodernism theory more than the materialism theory. In Raybeck’s book he does a lot of looking at the culture, beliefs, and ideas of the Kelantanese but he also looks at the behaviors and scientific reasoning’s behind them. He looks at the†¦show more content†¦The main difference over all is that if the research was not done the way Raybeck had originally conducted it, the book would have been a lot more formal with its scientific reasoning’s. While reading in both books about ethnography I was shocked to learn that there was a ton of different theoretical perspectives. I was also shocked at how the theories are so different from one another. For some the only similarity is that it is the study of humans. Before the class I thought that there was a set way on how anthropology was studied but I very quickly found out that is not the case. Anthropology is very broad and is open to tons of different interpretations. There is no set way on how we must go about researching and studying. I believe that Raybeck chose appropriate field methods during his field work. During his field work Raybeck made decisions on how to answer his questions based on what methods would give him the most insight. He chose not to do a lot of surveys because he knew what kind of responses he would get. By doing surveys the information he would have gotten would have been wide rather than deep. An example on a time where the survey was not a good chose was when he was learning about how the Villagers view Chinese people. He would not have learned about how complex the matter truly is by just putting a survey out to the community. Interviews can be a better chose to get more detailed information. Interviews can be

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

A Career in Medical Psychology - 1223 Words

Psychology is usually a really enormous subject matter. They are a lot of numerous career fields of therapy. Therapy being a scholarly analyze with the brain as well as actions goes towards Historic Greeks. There is also proof of subconscious believed within ancient Egypt. Psychology seemed to be the branch of philosophy until the 1870s, whenever the idea created just as one separate medical discipline. Psychology edges with a few other career fields as well as physiology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, sociology, anthropology, along with philosophy as well as other pieces of the humanities. I’m going to offer you look at this medical therapy. I am going to going to allow take on the specific with†¦show more content†¦Clinicians usually are been trained in a variety of strategies as well as theoretical strategies. A number of focus on the treatment of specific mental issues, although some help clientele affected by numerous complications. Specialized medical psychologists deal with one of the most critical psychiatric issues such as schizophrenia as well as depression. As well as utilizing clientele, specialized medical psychologists have to keep precise information regarding client assessment, analysis, restorative ambitions as well as treatment method information. These types of information help clinicians as well as clientele monitor improvement and so are generally needed for accounts receivable as well as insurance coverage purposes. Using the APA Research Business office, within 2001 the typical salary for any accredited clinical psychologist seemed to be $72, 000. From the psychologists surveyed, 65% labored within exclusive training, 19% labored within health care options as well as 2% labored in some different human being services location. Find out more about the typical wages intended for clinical psychologists. The pay scale could change for the different state that you may live in. The actual Ough. S. Section associated with Labor’s Work Outlook Handbook stories of which career withinShow MoreRelatedA Brief Note On Forensic Psychology And The Criminal Justice System1270 Words   |  6 Pagescritical job linked to the criminal justice system is that of a forensic psychologist. Forensic psychology requires a background in psychology, but works primarily in the court system. Most of the time, a forensic psychologist applies their expertise in psychology to a case, whether it is by assessing a defendant’s mental competency or determining how a pre-existing condition influenced a crime. Forensic psychology requires certain steps to be taken. It is essential that one is properly informed and ableRead MoreThe Importance Of Becoming A Forensic Psychologist1218 Words   |  5 Pagestrying to become better equipped, whether it be voluntary or an instinct. Picking a career is just one example of an aspect in life that is heavily dependent on choices throug hout life. Decisions about what courses to take, what college to attend, what major to pick, where to live after graduation, all depend on the career a person is pursuing. For someone who desires to enter the department of forensic psychology, certain steps must be taken. It is essential that one is properly informed and ableRead MoreCareer Research Assignment : Career1523 Words   |  7 PagesAvery Daffer 11/01/2016 Career Research Assignment The Career I chose to research a career in Health Psychology, focusing somewhat on clinical work. I chose this career path in particular because of my major and emphasis in Health Psychology; I wanted to know what the opportunities, benefits, and requirements were for pursuing this specific field within psychology. I was made aware of this option as a major emphasis during my first semester at BYU-Idaho, and I knew at that point that I wanted toRead MoreA Nurse For A Long Time947 Words   |  4 PagesStill none of those felt right. I’ve always been fascinated with psychology, but kept pushing it to the back of my head because of how much extra school it required. The thought of studying psychology kept nagging at me though, and finally I decided to switch my major to Psychology. I went in to Brother Eric Gee’s office, which is the department chair of psychology, to talk to him about my idea of switching my major over to Psychology. Speaking to him really confirmed to me that this really is somethingRead MoreWhy I Want Pursue A Career1744 Words   |  7 Pagespursue a career in pharmacy. For one, I have three cousins who has a career in the medical field and are very successful right now. Another reason is because of my aunt and uncle. They have made me realize that being either a doctor or pharmacist is a very good career to pursue because I can be a role model to their kids and that would want them to pursue a similar career. Basically I’ve been convinced to go for a career in the medical field throughout my whole life. I’m also in medical classes atRead MoreExperimental Psychology : Psychology And Psychology Essay1654 Words   |  7 PagesExperimental Psychology Experimental psychology is a sub-discipline in psychology that focuses on understanding the human behavior resulted from life experience through research and experimental studies (â€Å"Career in Psychology,† n.d.). Therefore, experimental psychologists approve or disapprove psychological beliefs through research. Experimental psychologists hypothesize the issues related to psychological subjects, and then conduct studies to find out the truth about their hypotheses (â€Å"Career in PsychologyRead MoreHealth And Health Of The World Health Organization Essay1289 Words   |  6 Pagessocial well-being. Rather than focusing on mental illness, it focuses on physical health. The aim of health psychology is to promote and maintain health, prevent and treat illness, identify and diagnose the correlation between health, illness, and dysfunction, and to improve the health care system and the formation of health policies (Graham, 131). Personal Interest The field of health psychology interests me because I have personally seen the effects that psychological processes have on a person’s healthRead MoreMy Career As A Career979 Words   |  4 Pagesas a career. I never wanted to merely work or have a job, I’ve always been someone who wanted to enjoy what I do regardless of the challenges or level of difficulty. I started out as a Biology major hoping to go into medical school, everything was set and I enjoyed all the classes I was taking until my second semester when I started chemistry. Technically I did fine, but the class was heavily curved which discouraged me. I also wanted a way to incorporate a degree in Spanish with my medical degreeRead MoreMy Future Career Research Paper1323 Words   |  6 PagesAkira Lokey October 5, 2014 7th period Future Career Research Paper â€Æ' What is the importance of goals? Do goals help you plan out your future? Or possibly give you something to work for? To me goals provide a map of what I want to do, how I’m going to do it, and why I want to do it. Goals also provide a sense of accomplishment when you finally get to finish whatever you’ve been working towards. The need for goals in life is clear, because without goals, we wouldn’t get much done. Simply becauseRead MoreA Career as a Psychologist Essay1432 Words   |  6 Pagesdeal with. Not only do psychologists help people with problems that they cannot handle on their own, they also are scientists who study human minds and behaviors. With being a psychologist, there are many different careers to choose from within this profession (Explore Health Careers). The first type of psychologists to choose from is a clinical psychologist. Clinical psychologists help people with counseling and psychotherapy. They work with people who have all around life problems, such as new

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Theatre and Other Arts- Theatre Challenges Free Essays

Theatre and Other Arts – Theatre Challenges Theatre is a collaborative form of  fine art  that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place. Theatre has existed since the dawn of man, as a result of human tendency for storytelling. The performers may communicate this experience to the audience through combinations of gesture, speech, song, music or dance. We will write a custom essay sample on Theatre and Other Arts- Theatre Challenges or any similar topic only for you Order Now The most important element of theatre is the audience, which can make the performance or break it down. Theatrical art is done by people and for people. Theatre plays a very important role in the whole society, it is rather influential, and in fact, it has a great impact upon people, both positive and negative. The theatre has been shown to be didactic – it is one of the greatest aesthetic and educational strength. The main aims of theatre are: to appeal to the hearts of the audience; to involve them into the atmosphere of art; to engage them emotionally and let them rest and be entertained in the way they want. The first theatres were purposefully made for entertainment and everybody was allowed to attend it. In some time the art in theatre was done only for an elite, but today theatre focuses on the different audiences trying to make everybody involved in the art. Russian famous poet Vladimir Mayakovski once said that â€Å"Theatre is not a reflecting mirror but a magnifying glass†. The role of Theater in Society is became a mean of communicating culture, helped us come to understand more about humanity, our hopes and fears and helped to find ourselves and the larger world around. Theatre is changing. The traditional canon is constantly revisited with a fresh eye and new writing continues to thrive, with new plays enjoying full houses. It seems essential to dwell upon theatre and other arts, theatre and high tech scenery as all challenges have important impact upon it. Experiments have begun in digital broadcasting. Doubtless, that one of the greatest threats facing theatre is television. In the first place, television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one. Many people do not understand that the theatre is the parent of new dramatic forms. Without a living theatre where writers, directors, designers and actors could learn their jobs, movies and television plays would be very crude indeed. Unfortunately the wealthy organizations responsible for films, radio and television, have helped themselves liberally to the talent the theatre has trained but have given it little in return. In fact their competition has made the position of the theatre which has no state support far more precarious than it used to be, and has made commercial theatre managers more reluctant than ever to experiment Another threat is generally seen from the sides of radio, cinema and the Internet. While the situation with cinema and radio are nearly the same as with the television, the state of affairs with the Internet demands to have a closer look at the problem. The appearance of wide access to the Internet and digital technology is bound to have an effect on live theatre or, at least, on our reaction to it. When we can see the best online all the charm of going out loses its loveliness. Digital inventions made us lazier although being said to save our time. Radio is the theatre of the mind; television is the theatre of the mindless† (Steve Allen) In conclusion I’d like to say that theatre is the magical place where man meets his image and has the lifelike communication with the art and performers. All in all, it is difficult to overestimate the role of art and theater in our lives. The future is full of possibilities, but it also demands more from theatre leaders and their programs than ever before. The pressure on theatre organizations continue to increase, t hat’s why they continue to find new ways to attract and engage people more widely. How to cite Theatre and Other Arts- Theatre Challenges, Essay examples

Friday, May 1, 2020

Freight Fluidity Performance Measures †Free Samples to Students

Question: Discuss about the Freight Fluidity Performance Measures. Answer: Introduction Lately, people are into importing and exporting cargo. This is stimulated using airplanes which is one the most effective ways to transport large and heavy goods in the shortest time possible. Despite that, people have forgone the fact that the charges are too high and still use it as their major means of transport. This is subject to other means of transport available which include the trains. Compared these two means, the airplane still stands to be the best way one can reach individuals easily. One, the train is slow and not connected to the entire world as compared to planes which have different destinations of the world. On the other hand, it would be convenient for one to choose the train over the plane as they are able to carry bulky goods at large as compared to what the plane does (Amaruchkul, Cooper Gupta 2010, pp.155). Over the years, the United Kingdom air cargo has played a very crucial role in the modern-day chain supply. This has also contributed to the improvement of its economy. For cargo airplanes, they can be either combined with passengers or others could be strictly cargo planes. On many occasions, cargo is usually carried on the belly of the plane, which is underneath the passengers cabin but for other crafts, it is carried on the deck sharing space with the passengers while other planes are exclusively for carrying cargo (Aditjandra et al. 2016). This means that the entire plane is meant for cargo. Also, while some of the cargo services would prefer door-to-door services, others are cargo equivalent to the passengers. This explains the difference in having planes that carry only cargo while those that carry both passengers and cargo. In addition, there are specialist cargo airlines which accommodate aircraft which can carry oversize cargo. They have huge volumes of cargo holds, and an e xample is the giant (Navarro, Cronemy Huge-Brodin 2014). Air surface mode are linked together by airports. In Asia, there are many hubs with different cargo tonnage that have increased trade around the region in the recent years. For instance, Memphis and Louisville have really benefited from the United States partnership for the FedEx and UPS respectively. For the United Kingdom airport network, in 2014, around 2.5 million tons were handled in terms of mail and freights. However, this was significantly a small amount as compared to the volume which passed through the United Kingdoms ports which amounted to up to 490 million tons (Amaruchkul, Cooper Gupta 2010, pp.156). Despite that, the freight was high-value goods with much density thus that accounted for around 40 percent of the exports and imports. Jewelry, aerospace, pharmaceuticals and other medical equipment are among the major export flows. This led to an increased number of people getting into the job industry. For instance, 39000 jobs were created directly while 135300 were indi rectly created with their induced impacts also considered. United Kingdom airfreight is evenly distributed with an inbound of around 52% and 48 percent outbound movements. This is in comparison to the maritime traders which has a very deadly imbalance in imports. For long-distance movements, air transport is the most suitable means of transport (Babi?, Kuljanin Kali? 2015, pp.3). Eighty percent of freight originates from the European Union while the same has the same percentage of freights being its destination. This contrasts the main volume, around 50 percent which is used for domestic markets. For this, it is well illustrated how air transport has a range of uses while also its challenges cannot be forgotten thus showing how competitive the industry is (Navarro, Cronemy Huge-Brodin 2017). The fundamental reasons for the success of the company The United Kingdom has had its way in the freight industry as very can only be compared to its major airlines that is FedEx and UPS This is evident as all its companies are among the top rated in terms of profits gained, service providence and the number of freight they have transported. This shows how individuals are eager to work with such companies as he pays is also suitable, and no complains have been heard about them. Freight air transport has been solely determined by how well they perform (Crozet 2014, pp.65). For instance, a large extent is determined by how the downstream demand level for haulage of valuable goods. Despite being the safest and the fastest, they are the most expensive to use as stated earlier. In the international trade, airfreight has played a vital role (Edward-Jones et al. 2009, pp.480). This is particularly in the international division of labor and international economic and cultural connections which have greatly increased. It is becoming even more substantial with the role it is playing in the global economy. According to research, a rough estimate of up to one-third of all the worlds products that are being produced will be incorporated in the trade cycle (Amaruchkul, Cooper Gupta 2010, pp.157). The United Kingdom economy has really developed since the start of this service. However, it also responsible for increased pollution levels that is noise and air. The availability of this services has enabled the British state to function internationally as a business center and being able to manufacture high-value goods. First, we can clearly see how the number of jobless people has decreased. Thanks to the fight industry which has been able to provide job opportunities both directly and indirectly (Divall 2016, pp.15). Secondly, most of the business areas such as pharmaceuticals, financials, and even technology require speedy services. For that reason, air is the most reliable means they can use. This will ensure customers are well responded to and in the required time. Failure of having such services will lead to business relocating to other countries or places where they can be available. Lastly, through air transport, companies can improve the competitiveness of a company in al l sectors. This includes the logistics, inventory, management, production and supporting the customers (Turnbull 2014). To many firms, accessing air services is a great deal as it is a determinant of their location of operations in the United Kingdom. Comparing the FedEx and the Mumbai freight company, we see how much successful the United Kingdom has become. Lately, there has been an issue in other freight airline companies and this includes the Boeing. This gives United Kingdom freight companies a reason to consider themselves successful (Babi?, Kuljanin Kali? 2015, pp.5). For example, we have Indian air cargo found in India. In the previous year, some of its employees were forced to leave the job as they were not getting paid well. In addition to that, shipment rates became too high for their customers that they had to relocate to other cargo services. With famous people like the Boeing and Airbus, the company still failed their clients (Edward-Jones et al. 2009, pp.480). Most of their aircraft were undergoing maintenance while their crew became limited. This leads to delayed flights and half offloading of goods. Such companies should emulate and seek advice from well-maintained companies such as those in the United Kingdom. H ence, proper management would lead to success in the airlines. Also, tending the clients and employees well would also increase the reputation and working of a company (Smilowitz 2017, pp. 440) How can a company maintain its comparative advantage? As survival is a common feature in the forest, in business, competition is a common phenomenon in business. For a business to be successful, it needs to maintain a competitive advantage in the industry (Doganis 2013). This involves countless efforts which are involved in planning, then developing and finally leasing their services or products to their clients. If a company finds a way to this, they become a model in the industry with minor errors experienced. The reason behind is that other companies will catch up soon by adopting best practices which help them to keep up the pace of the competition (Smilowitz 2017, pp.441). However, once clients adapt to such companies, they will find it difficult for them to distinguish between the two companies as both have same practices. Thus, there is need to show customers how far a company can go over the other in that competition so that they can gain confidence in working with it. A successful business has been able to make this distinction obvious to their customers, and therefore a freight company like FedEx tops the list in their service providence. For new businesses, it is obvious that it will first need a strategy of making their market aware of what sort of service they need to render and the specific individuals or groups that intend to be served (Turnbull 2014). First, to maintain the comparative advantage, the freight company need to choose on their priorities (Chao Li 2017, pp.27). For instance, it should choose whether their service is performed to numerous customers with few services or whether it will have fewer customers with a variety of services to provide. Look at FedEx. It specialized in proving little services, specifically cargo freighting, too many people. Centering this has helped them grow and has also helped the growth of the European Union (Taniguchi et al. 2014, pp.34) Secondly, ensuring that the activities and services practiced are related is also an aim. This helps the company to make a stand for its services to the product or services that they produce. For instance, in the freight industry, companies should stick to ferrying cargoes to different countries (Bergqvist Monios 2017, pp.7). Rather, if they have other activities, they should be related to what freighting is involved with. This will build an identity helping their clients to be keen on that product. It will maintain the comparative edge over others who would combine let us say freighting with manufacturing of products (Taniguchi et al. 2014, pp.53) However, just seeing these strategies in the paper would not ensure the growth of the company. Rather, active actions should be taken to ensure that both business executives and employees show commitment and understand the comparative advantage concept (Liimatainen 2014, pp.380). Well formulated strategies would eventually lead to good implementation which is one sure way of ensuring the comparative advantage is maintained. Could this be suitable for other companies, and if so explain why, if not explain why? Comparative knowledge is important to any company doing business. For instance, by knowing the status of ones company, it will be easier to know how competitive one is in the market (Suresh et al. 2017, pp.100). However, being ahead of other competitors is a plus. It will help in looking for ways of attracting more customers to ensure that the business runs smoothly. However, there are other companies which cannot specialize in one thing but still are very much successful. Take an example of the major car producing companies. They work on everything from scratch in assembling the car parts and then go on selling them themselves. Depending on how a company takes the comparative advantage theory, they can well utilize it and earn maximum profits and surpass their competitors (Navarro, Cronemy Huge-Brodin 2014) The ability to endure and maintain a process or a situation over a period is known as sustainability. In economics, it is the when a state, company or individual can uphold the production level of economy indefinitely (Hellerman, Huchzermeier Spinler 2013, pp.312). Thus, when progress meets its needs without negotiating with the future generations, this is known as sustainable growth. This concept contains two key concepts. First, limitations imposed by the state of the social organization and the technology department in a state to meet future standards. Secondly, the concept of needs to which the essential needs the worlds poor, overrides the priority that it deserves. Sustainability involves six major steps (Smilowitz 2017, pp.440). First, mapping of the supply chain is required. Then the sustainability plan should concentrate on the communications expectations. Thirdly, baseline supplier performance should be keenly checked while developing a good training and capacity building program (Ozceylan et al. 2016, pp. 43) Eventually, a drive performance improvement by the audit team is implemented, and lastly, the industry joins collaboration in making things work. In the freight sector, stakeholder pressure coming from either investors, customers or shareholders has greatly influenced the increase in this companys profits (Jaller, Snchez-Daz. and Holgun-Veras 2015, pp.49). By being able to improve and manage the social, economic and environmental performance, supply chains have been able to conserve their resources and optimize the processes. Also, product innovation has really been evident with an attempt of saving cost and increasing productivity to ensure corporate values have been upheld. This is evident in the United Kingdom freight markets. Its profits and even rankings have greatly improved showing how sustainability has been able to take the course (Taniguchi et al. 2014, pp.56). Questions from the study case. There are many factors which could affect the development of freight. this varies depending on the country that one is located in. for instance, some countries have very strict policies which might restrain the improvement of the freight industry. The United States is one of them. take an example of the Memphis international airport in Tennessee. It has very strict rules regarding pollution and aims at conserving their environment. For this, you will find few freight industries that are striving well as compared to those found in the United Kingdom. Also, America is an independent state which has very limited inquiries regarding goods. Instead, you will find them exporting materials which are not in use. For this, they do not consider freight market as a necessity to their government (Navarro, Cronemy Huge-Brodin 2014). With good management, a company would be expected to enormously grow. Such is the case when it comes to the major cargo hubs (Doganis 2013, pp.45). First, they have been able to maintain their clients and employees by ensuring that the service delivery is superb. Also, providing incentives to their workers has enabled them to be fast forward in ensuring that they provide quality services to their customers. Lastly, they have been able to uphold a good sustainable economic environment. For this, they are aware of their competitors and have worked hard so that they are always ahead of them (Tangichu et al. 2014, pp.62). Challenges that affect the development include first, the location of a firm as physical location is important to key freight markets. Secondly, the quality of the airport would really matter a lot. With congestion, delays can be caused which might, in turn, increase airport charges or delayed flight loading. Also, there are other factors which include environment, that is bad weather, governmental restrictions, for instance, reduce operating hours that make other countries have slugged cargo industry development (Smilowitz 2017, pp.440) Bibliography Aditjandra, P.T., Galatioto, F., Bell, M.C. and Zunder, T.H., 2016. Evaluating the impacts of urban freight traffic: application of micro-simulation at a large establishment.European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research,16(1), pp.4-22. Amaruchkul, K., Cooper, W.L., and Gupta, D., 2011. A note on air?cargo capacity contracts.Production and Operations Management,20(1), pp.152-162. Babi?, D., Kuljanin, J. and Kali?, M., 2015. Air Cargo Flow Analysis in the European Union. InProceedings from the 2nd Logistic International Conference, Belgrad (Serbia). Bergqvist, R. and Monios, J., 2017. Introduction. InIntermodal Freight Transport and Logistics(pp. 3-15). Chao, C.C., and Li, R.G., 2017. Effects of cargo types and load efficiency on airline cargo revenues.Journal of Air Transport Management,61, pp.26-33. Crozet, Y., 2014. Development of rail freight in Europe: What regulation can and cannot do.Center on Regulation in Europe (CERRE), pp 55-67. Divall, C., 2016. The Sea Container Revolution and Road-Rail Competition in Britain: a Preliminary Assessment of Freightliner. Infrom Rail to Road and Back Again?(pp. 155-174). Doganis, R., 2013.Flying off course: The economics of international airlines. Routledge. Edwards-Jones, G., Plassmann, K., York, E.H., Hounsome, B., Jones, D.L. and I Canals, L.M., 2009. The vulnerability of exporting nations to the development of a carbon label in the United Kingdom. environmental science policy, 12(4), pp76-107. Hellermann, R., Huchzermeier, A., and Spinler, S., 2013. Options contracts with overbooking in the air cargo industry.Decision Sciences,44(2), pp.297-327. Jaller, M., Snchez-Daz, I. and Holgun-Veras, J., 2015. Identifying Freight Intermediaries: Implications for Modeling of Freight Trip Generation.Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, (2478), pp.48-56. Liimatainen, H., Nyknen, L., Arvidsson, N., Hovi, I.B., Jensen, T.C. and stli, V., (2014). Energy efficiency of road freight haulersA Nordic comparison.Energy Policy,67, pp.378-387. Lindholm, M. and Ballantyne, E.E., 2016. Introducing elements of due diligence in sustainable urban freight transport planning.Transportation Research Procedia,12, pp.66-78. Navarro, P., Cronemyr, P. and Huge-Brodin, M., 2017. What is the potential of process management to enhance sustainability in the freight transport sector? InEurOMA Conference 2017 in Edinburgh. zceylan, E., Erba?, M., Tolon, M., Kabak, M. and Dur?ut, T., 2016. Evaluation of freight villages: A GIS-based multi-criteria decision analysis.Computers in Industry,76, pp.38-52. Smilowitz, K., 2017. Comments on: Continuous approximation models in freight distribution management.TOP,25(3), pp.440-442. Suresh, S., Renukappa, S., Alghanmi, I., Mushatat, S. and Olayinka, R., 2017. Examining the Satisfaction Level of Construction Workers Regarding Safety Management in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Journal of Construction in Developing Countries,22(1), pp.97-113. Taniguchi, E., Imanishi, Y., Barber, R., James, J. and Debauche, W., 2014. Public sector governance to implement freight vehicle transport management.Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,125, pp.345-357. Turnbull, K.F., 2014. Developing Freight Fluidity Performance Measures: Supply Chain Perspective on Freight System Performance. Summary of a Workshop, May 21-22, 2014, Washington, DC.Transportation Research E-Circular, (E-C187).

Sunday, March 22, 2020

Sin &Forgiveness In Hinduism Essays - Spirituality, Forgiveness

Sin &Forgiveness In Hinduism Sin begins in the realm of consciousness. When we are young we are taught by our guardians that which is ?right? from that which is ?wrong?. We grow up with the understanding that stealing our playmate's toys or hitting our grandparents is wrong and therefore, a sin. As we mature the concept of sin begins to change; it is no longer quite so easy to define or to explain and its repercussions become much more severe than a grounding. Sin is a malicious act, intent-full, deliberate and harmful. An act is considered sinful when, though the perpetrator may gain some form of momentary satisfaction, the action inflicts harm to someone or something else. In reference to Hinduism, a sin is an immoral act; It is ungodly or unethical. The concept of ahimsa (to do or cause no harm) to a Hindu is very sacred and from childhood he is taught to respect and abide by this ideal. Therefore, any step towards dishonoring this paragon is a sin. The story of Svetaketu Aruneya offers a subtle definition of sin. The boy was so proud of himself for having learned the Vedas that his high opinion's of himself stood in the way of his most important lesson and understanding; that of faith. Here, Svetaketu's ego served as a maya and kept him from realizing moksha. Since it is the Hindu's ultimate goal to achieve moksha, all which stands as a barrier is a sin. In a Hindu's life there are different stages which he must pass through before he reaches the end of his life. Each stage is representative of different levels of learning, understanding and growth. Though sin (or rather its potential) is prevalent throughout the four stages, forgiveness becomes an extremely important factor towards reaching moksha. Forgiveness, for the Hindus, begins with self realization that one has sinned. Without this realization, forgiveness cannot begin. The moment this realization is reached the sinner begins his process of forgiveness through growing from his mistakes. Much like the Western traditional views of sin and forgiveness, a Hindu is bound to the same principles; he must consciously realize his sin and with a sincere heart, ask for forgiveness, both to the person he has sinned against and then to God. Shiva, the God of rebirth and destruction is revered by devout Hindu's as a God with a very hot and unpredictable temper, but also as a very forgiving and just God. The Gods of Hinduism hold no grudges against repenting sinners and thus, good Hindu's must not either. At the source of Hinduism lies transcendence. Not to forgive is a sin in itself for it furthers one from complete liberation. It is understood that in order to achieve peace within oneself, forgiveness is inevitable. Karma, often misunderstood or improperly used in the Western culture, can best be described as the proverbial ?to each his own?. Therefore, it is not for the independent individual to judge whether forgiveness is merited or not. Forgiveness offers relief: relief from pending tensions, ill-feeling and mounting egoism. Forgiveness saves one form becoming selfish and egotistical. Physical exercise, meditation through different forms of yoga, devotion, spiritual cleansing through prayer and ?public chanting?(Sharma, 40), all of these exercises are performed in order to achieve a heightened sense of consciousness. It is through consciousness that one may avoid that which is bad, harmful and evil, both to oneself and to others. This is the achievement of egolessness (24). The more one learns to forgive the happier and more peaceful they will feel. The obtainment of moksha, cannot be realized through the containment of negative energy which is associated with animosity, ill thoughts or malevolence. Rather, Hinduism teaches that it is better to forgive, to receive freedom and gain liberation for oneself, this is fulfillment, this is moksha. Religion Essays

Thursday, March 5, 2020


Sikh Amongst the first remarks made by Guru Nanak upon his enlightenment as a Sikh, is that ‘there is no Hindu, there is no Musalman’ (Singh 134). Guru Nanak, the religious founder of Hindu Sikhism, used this remark to address the long standing relationship between Sikh and the Muslim. Nanak implied that all human beings are equal and that any profiling of people on the basis of their religion, skin colour, gender or any other form of stereotypical description is founded on ignorance.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Sikh-Muslim conflict specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Nanak also added that racial profiling of people does not have any sense of truth since all people are created equally by one creator. As such people from all backgrounds ought to live in peace and harmony, love and kindness towards each other as brothers and sisters from the same creator. Despite Guru Nanak’s philosophy of peac e and love towards each other, the conflict between Hindu Sikhs, of which Nanak was one and the Muslim has had along history. The Sikh-Muslim conflict has evolved over long period of time but many philosophers, analysts and scholars tend to focus on the negative nature of this special relationship forgetting the more positive aspects. Suffice to say that, other than the strong personal relationship between Guru Nanak and other Muslim leaders of the time, it has also been recorded that some Muslim solders served in Guru Nanak’s Hindu army. Despite the positive relationship the Sikh-Muslim conflict has at times been so strained to the extent that it has turned violent. Moreover, many philosophers and scholar argue that this conflict is religio-political. Therefore, despite friendly relationship between the Sikh and the Muslim, violent confrontations have characterised this conflict that has also assumed the religio-political perspective. Despite the fact that Many Muslims and S ikhs view each other as inveterate enemies, these two communities have a long and complex relationship characterised, at times by very friendly relationships. Many scholars tend to focus their attention on studying the more confrontational aspects of this special relationship. However, the Sikh-Muslim relationship is historically founded on cooperation rather than conflict. Many Sikhs and Muslim are oblivious of the fact that Guru Nanak sole aim was to promote friendly relationships between the Hindu and the Muslim people. Guru Nanak sought to attain this by bridging the existing gap between the two communities through his teaching of love, peace and harmony. Furthermore one of Guru Nanak’s closet ally and disciple, Mardana, was a Muslim. Other than this, Guru Nanak made several symbolic journeys to Mecca and Baghdad in search of peace between Sikhs and Muslim. There are other symbolic occurrences that sought to cement friendly relationship between the two communities.Adverti sing Looking for research paper on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Harminder Sahib, the Golden Temple of the Hindu Sikh, had its foundation stone laid by a muslin cleric Hazrat Mian Mir Sahib upon the requests of Guru Arjan (Sikand, â€Å"Interview† paras 7 – 10). Singh also reports that some of the soldiers who served in Guru Nanak’s army professed the Muslim faith, while still maintaining their loyalty to Guru Nanak (134). As such to claim that the Sikh-Muslim relations have been usually negative is to miss the point. Despite the long history of friendly relationship, the Sikhs and the Muslim have also have bitter differences that have at times turned violent. The confrontation have at times been too much violent that the two communities have been accused of ‘washing their dirty linen in public’ (Kundnani para 1). There are various instances of violent conf rontations between the Muslim and the Hindu Sikhs in recent times. Some of these violent confrontations have been motivated by such issues as war on terror. In 2001, Sikhs and Muslims engaged on running battler in Bradford, India, over the differences of the definition of terrorism. In the same year, a 15 year old Hindu girl was reportedly severely injured after an argument over the event of the September 2001 bombing of the world trade centre in New York. Some of the violent confrontations between these two communities have turned tragic, such as the killing of three British Muslims on holiday in India. It has been reported that the killings were inspired by the state sponsored war against terrorism and as such any Muslim especially foreigners in the Gujarat state was seen as a representation of terrorism. The state government was accused of distributing weapon such as machetes that were used in such murders (Kundnani para 2 – 4). While the confrontation seems like isolated occurrences, the violence is a manifestation of long running hatred inspired by religious and political propaganda. This type of propaganda is spread through journals, newspaper and newsletter articles, with very strong views against the other community dominating such publications. Readers of these articles are influenced to stand up and defended their sovereignty. This type of attitude has slowly led to the build up of these violent confrontations (Brass 436, 438). The conflict between the Sikhs and Muslims is a result of the long standing religious and political differences. Suffice to say that that other than being racial groups, the Sikhs and the Muslim are distinctive religious groups.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Sikh-Muslim conflict specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The confrontations are drawn out of the fact that the Sikhs and the Muslims religious foundations have assumed a political dimension such that the two see each other as opposing political ideologies. The hostilities emerge as a result of the intention of the Sikhs and the Muslims to maintain a religious identity through a political agenda (Johnstone 132). This type of religious and political identification is totally against the philosophy of Guru Nanak (Singh 134). Due to the concerted effort of Guru Nanak and other Muslim clerics made to maintain friendliness in the 15th and 16the centuries, the religious and political hostilities are only sees as the characteristic of post-Nanak era. Furthermore, the post Nanak Sikh identity has fundamentally changed from the open an accommodating to a more radical religio-political identity. The Sikh sees the Islam as the enemy religion. These strong religion-political conflicts are felt in Punjab where the two communities kill each other in what is seen as religious massacre (Sikand, â€Å" Life of Baba Nanak† para 4). The strong religion and political differences sti ll drive the conflict not only in Punjab but in other areas such Kashmir today. The Sikh and the Muslim have a complex historical relationship. Despite the fact that many see this relationship and only based on violent confrontation, the Sikhs and the Muslim have existed peacefully. There have been several instances of cooperation between Sikhs and Muslims scuh as the laying of the foundation stone of the Sikhs golden temple in Amritsar by a Muslim cleric, a symbolic event that is emblematic of the historical cooperation between the two communities. The violent nature of Sikh-Muslim relationship is a manifestation of religious and political differences that exist between the two communities. Due to the complexities involved, there is no end in sight to this historical affair. Brass ,Paul. The production of Hindu-Muslim violence in contemporary India.  Washington: University of Washington Press, 2003. Print Johnstone, Ronald. Religion in society: A sociology of religion. Michigan: Prentice Hall, 2006. PrintAdvertising Looking for research paper on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Kanwarjit, Singh. Political philosophy of the Sikh gurus. New Delhi: Atlantic publisher and distributors, 1989. Print Kundnani, Arun. An unholy alliance? Racism, religion and communalism. 2002. July 14, 2011 Sikand, Yoginder. Interview : Makhdoom Syed Chan Pir Qadri on Sikh Muslim relations. 2002. Web. Sikand, Yoginder. Re-Imagining Sikh-Muslim Relations in the light of the Life of Baba Nanak. 2005. July 14, 2011

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Legal and Ethical Aspects of Medication Administration Case Study Essay

Legal and Ethical Aspects of Medication Administration Case Study - Essay Example cases, the charges are being considered by the state, whereas in the third case, the nurse who made the error was sentenced to the probation of two years. I would take the position with the plaintiffs in the first and third case. Whatever the case is, it is the responsibility of the health providers to provide best medical services to the patients and with full care and attention. Patients come to health providers for medical care. They do not expect such blunders from them which can even take their lives. Therefore, charges should be made against the people involved in medical errors to make them and others aware of the consequences of showing negligence, as well as to make them feel their responsibility. However, in the second case, the pharmacy technician should be held responsible because he/she was the one who stocked incorrect medicine for infants. All three errors made in the cases described in the article could have been prevented if the clinical staff would have shown some responsibility. For example, in the first case, the person responsible for providing the medical care should have checked the patient at the right time instead of letting her wait for a long time. It is clear that she forgot to check her within time because making a patient wait for almost two hours does not make any sense. In the second case, the chances of prevention of error were less because nurses usually use the medicine stored in the right places. Pharmacy technician could have prevented this error by placing the right medicine at the right place. Moreover, in the third case, the error could have been prevented if a senior gynecologist would have supervised the medical procedure instead of letting the nurse perform the complex medical procedure on her own. In the first case, the primacy of the needs of patients surrounds the case because a nurse should feel the responsibility of providing correct care to the patient at the correct time. Section 2.1 (primacy of the patient’s